DC Democrats oppose implementing ranked choice voting, claiming it confuses voters in predominantly Black areas.

DC Democrats oppose implementing ranked choice voting, claiming it confuses voters in predominantly Black areas.

Ranked Choice Voting Faces Opposition in Washington, DC

Washington D.C.

The implementation of ranked choice voting in Washington, DC, is being met with opposition from the local Democratic Party. In a recent lawsuit, they argued that the system would be confusing for voters in predominantly Black areas. This lawsuit raises important questions about the impact of ranked choice voting on different communities and the potential for discrimination.

The 33-page lawsuit, filed in DC Superior Court by the District of Columbia Democratic Party, claims that implementing ranked choice voting would violate the DC Human Rights Act, which prohibits discrimination. The lawsuit specifically points to voting patterns in Wards 7 and 8, which are predominantly Black communities situated east of the Anacostia River. According to the complaint, voters in these wards are less likely to cast a second vote in elections for at-large seats on the DC city council, a phenomenon known as “undervoting.” The chair of the local party, Charles Wilson, argues that implementing ranked-choice voting would add an additional layer of confusion and disproportionately impact Black voters.

The concerns raised by the Democratic Party are not limited to confusion among Black voters. Wilson also expresses worry about the potential impact on seniors and persons with disabilities. These concerns highlight the need for careful consideration of the accessibility and understanding of ranked choice voting systems to ensure that all voters can participate effectively.


The lawsuit gained attention this week when it was reported by DCist. The initiative in question, known as the “Make All Votes Count Act,” not only aims to implement ranked choice voting but also seeks to allow independent voters in the District to vote in either party’s primary elections. To move forward, supporters of the initiative must gather enough signatures to put the issue before voters in November 2024. If successful, the system would be implemented starting with the 2026 election.

Ranked choice voting is a system that allows voters to rank multiple candidates for office, providing a more nuanced representation of their preferences. The lowest-performing candidates are sequentially eliminated, and their votes are redistributed to other candidates based on voters’ rankings. This process continues until one candidate surpasses 50% of the vote, ensuring majority support.

This voting system has already been implemented in federal and state elections in Maine and Alaska, with varying degrees of success and controversy. In Alaska, it is argued that ranked choice voting played a role in Democratic Rep. Mary Peltola’s victory and contributed to the smooth re-election of Republican Sen. Lisa Murkowski. However, opposition to the system has primarily come from Republicans, who have expressed concerns about its fairness and implications for election outcomes.

For instance, House Speaker Kevin McCarthy criticized ranked choice voting during a podcast appearance with Donald Trump Jr., citing the possibility of a candidate winning with the most second or third-choice votes. Republican Rep. Mike Lawler of New York also recently introduced a bill to block the implementation of ranked choice voting in Washington, DC, aligning with the concerns raised by the local Democratic Party.

As ranked choice voting gains attention and faces opposition across the country, it is important to engage in thoughtful dialogue and analysis of its potential impacts. While the system aims to provide voters with more options and a more representative outcome, it must be implemented with sensitivity to diverse communities and ensure that it does not disproportionately disadvantage any group. Ultimately, the decision to adopt ranked choice voting in Washington, DC, will rest on the voters, who will have the opportunity to voice their preferences in November 2024.