Europe’s largest companies incurred a collective loss of €100 billion due to their withdrawal from Russia, according to a report.

Europe's largest companies incurred a collective loss of €100 billion due to their withdrawal from Russia, according to a report.

European Companies Lose Over €100 Billion in Russia Amid Ukraine Crisis


In the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, European companies have found themselves in a race against time to sever ties with the country. A recent survey conducted by the Financial Times (FT) reveals that these companies have collectively lost over €100 billion since the conflict began.

Investor and consumer pressure has compelled companies to pull out their operations from Russia, resulting in significant balance-sheet losses for many. The FT’s survey, which analyzed the financial reports of 600 firms, highlighted that 176 of them suffered due to the sale, closure, or reduction of their Russian businesses.

While the losses were mainly concentrated in sectors such as energy and utilities, three major companies – BP, Shell, and TotalEnergies – faced penalties amounting to €40.6 billion. However, these losses were offset by higher energy prices, leading to substantial profits for these companies.

Interestingly, if energy and utilities were excluded from the survey, the largest writedowns were observed in Germany’s chemical and automotive industries. These findings underscore the significant financial impact experienced by European companies as they grappled with the fallout from the Ukraine crisis.

Nevertheless, not all companies chose to sever ties with Russia. According to an ongoing Yale study, slightly more than half of the 1,000 companies that initially pledged to leave Russia have managed to successfully disengage from the country as of August 7. The study emphasizes the difficult decision-making process companies faced, as the risks of staying might exceed the financial losses incurred while leaving.

“Even if a company lost a lot of money leaving Russia, those who stay risk much bigger losses,” warns Nabi Abdullaev, a partner at strategic consultancy Control Risks, in an interview with the FT. “It turns out that cut and run was the best strategy for companies deciding what to do at the start of the war. The faster you left, the lower your loss.”

The recent seizure of assets belonging to Danone and Carlsberg by the Kremlin has raised concerns among experts and industry observers. They fear that President Vladimir Putin may further impede companies attempting to exit Russia by implementing a new rule that prioritizes the seizure of shares from strategic companies when their shareholders leave the country.

This potential law adds to a series of punitive measures introduced by Putin’s regime to deter companies from ceasing operations in Russia. In December 2022, Russia began coercing companies selling their assets to dispose of them at a 50% markdown. This move prompted a frenzied scramble among domestic businessmen vying for bargain-bin assets.

Furthermore, a barrage of legislative measures has prolonged the withdrawal process for companies seeking to distance themselves from Russia. These measures have complicated the exit strategy for businesses, making the decision to cut ties even more challenging.

The financial turmoil experienced by European companies in Russia highlights the complex interplay between geopolitical conflicts and the business landscape. Companies navigating these challenges must carefully weigh the risks and potential losses associated with staying in turbulent territories, as opposed to the costs of an early exit. Ultimately, adaptability and strategic decision-making remain pivotal in safeguarding businesses from severe economic repercussions amidst shifting geopolitical climates.